14 de mayo de 2009

Steve Reich Gana El Pulitzer 2009

Steve Reich gana el premio Pulitzer 2009 en la sección de música con la obre Double Sextet:

Double Sextet
By: Steve Reich

Double Sextet (2007) 22'
for ensemble (or ensemble and pre-recorded tape)

2fl-2cl-2vln-2vcl-2vib-2pft or fl-cl-vln-vcl-vib-pft and pre-recorded tape

World Premiere
University of Richmond, Richmond, VA
eighth blackbird

Composer's Notes
There are two identical sextets in Double Sextet. Each one is comprised of flute, clarinet, vibraphone, piano, violin and cello. Doubling the instrumentation was done so that, as in so many of my earlier works, two identical instruments could interlock to produce one overall pattern. For example, in this piece you will hear the pianos and vibes interlocking in a highly rhythmic way to drive the rest of the ensemble.

The piece can be played in two ways; either with 12 musicians, or with six playing against a recording of themselves. In these premiere performance you will hear the sextet Eighth Blackbird, who commissioned the work, playing against their recording.

The idea of a single player playing against a recording of themselves goes all the way back to Violin Phase of 1967 and extends though Vermont Counterpoint (1982), New York Counterpoint (1985), Electric Counterpoint (1987) and Cello Counterpoint (2003). The expansion of this idea to an entire chamber ensemble playing against pre-recordings of themselves begins with Different Trains (1988) and continues with Triple quartet (1999) and now to Double Sextet. By doubling an entire chamber ensemble one creates the possibility for multiple simultaneous contrapuntal webs of identical instruments. In Different Trains and Triple Quartet all instruments are strings to produce one large string fabric. In Double Sextet there is more timbrel variety through the interlocking of six different pairs of percussion, string and wind instruments.

The piece is in three movements fast, slow, fast and within each movement there are four harmonic sections built around the keys of D, F, Ab and B or their relative minor keys b,d,f and g#. As in almost all my music, modulations from one key to the next are sudden, clearly setting off each new section.

Double Sextet is about 22 minutes long and was completed in October 2007. It was commissioned by Eighth Blackbird and will receive its world premiere by that group at the University of Richmond in Virginia on March 26, 2008. The New York Premiere will be at Carnegie Zankel Hall on April 17, 2008.