Ito: It’s not necessarily going to be all good. Just look at media. The transformation of media is rocking the business models of traditional media. It’s not necessarily a good thing to put newspapers out of business because we need them for democracy, but not all the stuff that happens when you overthrow dictators and push innovation to the edges is good. That fact is, it is [happening].
Wired: And in the face of that we ought to do what?
Ito: What you need to do is understand these changes are happening, and build systems and governments and ways of thinking that are resilient to this kind of destructive change that is going to happen. It’s a kind of change that is really hard to predict, it’s really hard to control, so how do you as a human being, or as an organization, survive in this chaotic, unpredictable system where planning is almost impossible?
Wired: Please tell me you have an answer.
Ito: There are nine or so principles to work in a world like this:
We’re still working on it, but that is where our thinking is headed.
- Resilience instead of strength, which means you want to yield and allow failure and you bounce back instead of trying to resist failure.
- You pull instead of push. That means you pull the resources from the network as you need them, as opposed to centrally stocking them and controlling them.
- You want to take risk instead of focusing on safety.
- You want to focus on the system instead of objects.
- You want to have good compasses not maps.
- You want to work on practice instead of theory. Because sometimes you don’t why it works, but what is important is that it is working, not that you have some theory around it.
- It disobedience instead of compliance. You don’t get a Nobel Prize for doing what you are told. Too much of school is about obedience, we should really be celebrating disobedience.
- It’s the crowd instead of experts.
- It’s a focus on learning instead of education.
12 de marzo de 2013
Una Buena Brújula
Media Lab del MIT habla en WIRED sobre el impacto que ha tenido internet y el desarrollo tecnológico en la cultura y ofrece nueve principios para orientarse en éste terreno.